Wednesday, June 13, 2012

First aid test

Written First-Aid Examination 2010 Southern Regional Mine Rescue Contest New Iberia, LA Name_________________________________ Position__________________ Team Name____________________________ 1. The thoracic cavity is also known as the chest cavity. a. True b. False 2. Which is not a guideline for ensuring a proper fit of a cervical collar? a. Check to see it does not ride too far above or below the earlobes b. Confirm the chin fits properly c. Consider using a different size if it does not fit properly d. Use the “two fingers” spacing method to avoid excessive tightness 3. If a patient is in the supine position, he is lying face up. a. True b. False 4. An emergency move should be considered when: a. The patient may have spinal injuries b. The patient is argumentative and may pose a hazard to rescuers c. You are not able to gain access to other patients who need life-saving care d. The patient has no visible blood loss. 5. The most important person during a log roll is the person at the patient’s lower back/pelvic area. a. True b. False 6. Research by the American Heart Association suggests that the use of abdominal thrusts is still the most effective method for clearing the airway of a choking adult. a. True b. False 7. Which is not a step in assessing a patient’s breathing? a. Look for adequate tidal volume b. Listen for air entering and leaving the nose and mouth c. Observe the rise and fall of the lower abdominal area with each breath d. Observe skin color 8. Which is not a recommended action for opening the airway? a. Reposition the head b. Jaw Thrust Maneuver c. Tilting the head and lifting the chin d. Head-Lift, Chin-Tilt Maneuver 9. Which is not an example of an upper airway obstruction? a. Obstruction by the tongue b. Acute gastric distention c. Mechanical obstruction d. Obstruction by the epiglottis 10. You should not use the finger sweep on responsive patients or on unresponsive patients who have a gag reflex. a. True b. False 11. Which is not a major part of patient assessment? a. Ongoing assessments b. Scene size-up c. Focused history and physical exam d. Witness interviews 12. A slow, strong pulse may be indicative of what possible problem? a. Overexertion b. Heat emergency c. Skull fracture d. Internal bleeding (early stages) 13. A bulging neck vein is also known as a jugular vein distention. a. True b. False 14. The first component of the initial assessment is: a. Assessing the patient’s airway b. Assessing the patient’s mental status c. Forming a general impression of the patient d. Assessing the patient’s circulation 15. The 1st rule for patient assessment is “Do No Further Harm”. a. True b. False 16. Which is the most appropriate hand location for chest compressions on an adult? a. At the top of the sternum b. Two fingers above the breastbone line c. Between the nipples over the lower half of the sternum d. At the nipple line over the upper half of the sternum 17. A normal side effect of good chest compressions is the separation of the cartilage where the ribs meet the sternum. a. True b. False 18. When in doubt about a patient being hyperglycemic or hypoglycemic, follow the “sugar for everyone” rule. a. True b. False 19. Which is not a typical sign of ingested poisons? a. Stains around the patient’s mouth b. Sweating c. Abdominal pain d. Excessive dry mouth 20. Which step does not apply when treating a patient with a generalized cold emergency? a. Protect him from further heat loss b. Monitor his vital signs c. Do not allow the patient to walk d. Provide warm liquids to drink 21. Which is not a category used to classify burns? a. Partial thickness burn b. Superficial burn c. Full thickness burn d. Secondary burn 22. Oddly enough, the loss of a tooth is considered an avulsion. a. True b. False 23. After the surface of an open wound is exposed, the next course of action should be to: a. Control bleeding b. Reassure the patient c. Prevent further contamination d. Remove superficial foreign matter with a sterile gauze pad 24. Which type of shock is seldom seen by emergency medical responders? a. Hemorrhagic b. Hypovolemic c. Septic d. Anaphylactic 25. In a sucking chest wound, the occlusive dressing should be taped on either three or four sides. a. True b. False 26. What is the order of care for skeletal injuries? a. Spinal injuries, chest, skull, pelvis b. Chest, spinal injuries, skull, pelvis c. Spinal injuries, skull, pelvis, chest d. Spinal injuries, skull, rib cage, pelvis 27. Which force is not a primary cause of musculoskeletal injury? a. Direct force b. Twisting force c. Indirect force d. Transitional force 28. What is the recommended order of steps to control bleeding? a. Direct pressure, elevation, pressure points, tourniquet b. Pressure points, direct pressure, elevation, tourniquet c. Direct pressure, pressure points, elevation, tourniquet d. Elevation, direct pressure, pressure points, tourniquet 29. When a patient suffers from angina pectoris, there is no actual damage to the heart muscle. a. True b. False 30. Which is not a primary tool for assessing a stroke victim when using the Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale (CPSS)? a. Facial droop b. Arm drift c. Memory loss d. Abnormal speech

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